Please find below a reference list of selected peer-reviewed papers relating to SIDS or SUDI, published more than 2 years ago. The references have kindly been supplied by members of ISPID.

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Trends in the incidence of sudden unexpected infant death in the newborn: 1995-2014. Bass JL, Gartley T, Lyczkowski DA, Kleinman R. J Pediatr. 2018; 196: 104-108. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.12.045
Evaluates the epidemiology of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) over a 20-year period in the US, to assess the potential frequency of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse in the early days of life, and to determine if SUID rates in the neonatal period (0-27 days) have changed in parallel with rates in the postneonatal periods, including the percentages attributed to codes that include accidental suffocation. Although SUID rates in the postneonatal period have declined subsequent to the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics sleep position policy change, newborn SUIDs have failed to decrease, and the percentage of SUIDs attributed to unsafe sleep conditions has increased significantly in both periods; 29.2% of the neonatal cases occurred within the first 6 days of life.

Sudden unexpected infant death rates differ by age at death. Letter. Shapiro-Mendoza CK. J Pediatr 2018; 198: 322-325. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.04.058
Bass et al show that SUID differs by age at death. Understanding factors related to age differences informs interventions. SUID rarely occurs in the neonatal period. Of the 4 million US births in 2015, SUID accounted for 108 deaths at 0-6 days and 314 deaths at 7-27 days. Ongoing surveillance of SUID rates by age at death is important to evaluate the impact of infant care interventions, identify new risk factors, and track progress towards reducing SUID mortality.

SIDS – Sudden infant and early childhood death: The past, the present and the future. Duncan JR, Byard RW (eds). Adelaide, Australia: University of Adelaide Press; 2018. doi:10.20851/sids

Why mainstream SIDS research is not achieving its goal. Goldwater PN. Am J Pediatr 2018; 4 (4): 104-109. doi:10.11648/j.ajp.20180404.16

Creating a safe sleep environment for the infant: what the pediatric nurse needs to know. Newberry JA. J Pediatr Nurs 2019; 44: 119-122. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2018.12.001
A review article describing the need for pediatric nurses to model safe sleep practices in hospital.

Thymic changes and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Byard RW. J Forensic Leg Med 2019; 61: 141. doi:10.1016/j.jflm.2018.09.004
Letter to the Editor requesting improved reporting of SIDS classification in research reports.

Infants who die in shared sleeping situations differ from those who die while sleeping alone. Collins-Praino LE, Byard RW. Acta Paediatr 2018 doi:10.1111/apa.14692
A literature review. "The results demonstrate differences between infants who are sharing a sleeping surface with others, compared to those who die alone. It is likely, therefore, that lethal mechanisms for some shared sleepers are not the same as for SIDS infants sleeping alone, and may involve suffocation."

Response to a national issue: moving beyond "Back to Sleep" at three hospitals. Sleutel MR, True B, Gustus H, Baldwin K, Early B. J Pediatr Nurs 2018; 43: 16-22. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2018.07.013
Longitudinal quasi-experimental study. "An updated educational tool improved nurses' and parents' knowledge and practices related to current and updated safety factors for infant sleep conditions. Inpatient adherence to infant sleep safety recommendations improved."

A systematic review of molecular autopsy studies in Sudden Infant Death Cases. Heathfield LJ, Martin LJ, Ramesar R. J Pediatr Genet 2018; 7 (4): 143-149. doi:10.1055/s-0038-1668079
"Internationally, molecular autopsies have shown to resolve up to 44% of unexplained cases; however, it is currently unclear how many of these were infants. This systematic literature review showed that significantly fewer infant cases were resolved (median: 4%) compared with cohorts of 1 to 45 years old (median: 32%). Further, no study involving indigenous African participants has yet been published. Overall, molecular autopsies hold immense value to living family members and is motivation to explore new avenues in infant cohorts."

Sudden unexpected infant death characteristics in the French region of West Provence Alpes-Côte d'Azur. Tuchtan L, Delteil C, Levrat F, Bacquet J, Garcia P, Fayol L, Gorincour G, Zandotti C, Girard N, Drancourt M, Léonetti G, Piercecchi Marti MD, Bartoli C. Paediatr Int Child Health 2018:1-7. doi:10.1080/20469047.2018.1533734
Anaysis of infant death records. "Asymptomatic infectious conditions were associated with a high proportion of SUID cases. Non-supine sleep positions were still practised. There is a need to increase SUID prevention campaigns."

Preventing Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and other sleep-related infant deaths. Maged M, Rizzolo D. JAAPA 2018; 31 (11): 25-30. doi:10.1097/01.JAA.0000546475.33947.44
Commentary. "This article describes the different types of SUID, associated risk factors, and highlights recommendations to help parents and caregivers ensure safe sleep environments for infants."

Can infant sleeping bags be recommended by medical professionals as protection against Sudden Infant Death Syndrome? Glover Williams A, Finlay F. Arch Dis Child 2018. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2018-316093
Literature review. "The case control studies included found that sleeping bags are as safe, if not safer than other bedding when examining SIDS as an outcome."

Infant and youth mortality trends by race/ethnicity and cause of death in the United States. Khan SQ, Berrington de Gonzalez A, Best AF, Chen Y, Haozous EA, Rodriquez EJ, Spillane S, Thomas DA, Withrow D, Freedman ND, Shiels MS. JAMA Pediatr 2018; 172 (12): e183317. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3317
"Mortality rates in the United States have generally declined for infants and youths from 1999 to 2015 owing to reductions in sudden infant death syndrome, unintentional injury death, and homicides. However, US mortality rates remain higher than Canada and England/Wales, with particularly elevated rates among black and American Indian/Alaskan Native youth."

Exome-wide rare variant analyses in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Tester DJ, Wong LCH, Chanana P, Gray B, Jaye A, Evans JM, Evans M, Fleming P, Jeffrey I, Cohen M, Tfelt-Hansen J, Simpson MA, Behr ER, Ackerman MJ. J Pediatr 2018; 203: 423-428. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.08.011
"The lack of exome-wide significant genetic associations indicates an extreme heterogeneity of etiologies underlying SIDS. Our approach to understanding the genetic mechanisms of SIDS has far reaching implications for the SIDS research community as a whole and may catalyze new evidence-based SIDS research across multiple disciplines. Perturbations in glucocorticoid biosynthesis may represent a novel SIDS-associated biological pathway for future SIDS investigative research."

Sudden unexpected postnatal collapse. Review. Monnelly V, Becher JC. Early Hum Dev 2018; 126: 28-31. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.09.001
"In comparing SUPC with Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI), the potentially avoidable nature of many SUPC is emphasised and the role of positioning and public awareness explored. The article focusses on the implementation of preventative strategies in the immediate postnatal period and the role of therapeutic hypothermia in ameliorating long term neurological injury."

Transient otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem responses in low-risk cohort of newborn and one-month-old infants: assessment of infant auditory system physiology in the Prenatal Alcohol in SIDS and Stillbirth Network Safe Passage Study. Sininger YS, Condon CG, Hoffman HJ, Elliott AJ, Odendaal HJ, Burd LL, Myers MM, Fifer WP; PASS Network. J Am Acad Audiol 2018; 29 (8): 748-763. doi:10.3766/jaaa.17043
Normative ABR and TOAE data collected from a cohort of infants at birth and 1 month. Consistent with published reports in the general population.

Neuropathology of early Sudden Infant Death Syndrome-hypoplasia of the pontine Kolliker-Fuse nucleus: a possible marker of unexpected collapse during skin-to-skin care. Lavezzi AM, Ferrero S, Paradiso B, Chamitava L, Piscioli F, Pusiol T. Am J Perinatol 2018. doi:10.1055/s-0038-1669398
Alterations of neuronal structures found in 19/22 early SIDS cases, 11 /12 while on mother’s chest. Concludes that skin to skin care could be a risk factor for early SIDS.

Noncardiac genetic predisposition in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Gray B, Tester DJ, Wong LC, Chanana P, Jaye A, Evans JM, Baruteau AE, Evans M, Fleming P, Jeffrey I, Cohen M, Tfelt-Hansen J, Simpson MA, Ackerman MJ, Behr ER.Genet Med 2018. doi:10.1038/s41436-018-0131-4
"A monogenic basis for SIDS amongst the previously implicated noncardiac genes and their encoded biological pathways is negligible."

Sudden infant death and social justice: a syndemics approach. Bartick M, Tomori C. Matern Child Nutr 2018: e12652. doi:10.1111/mcn.12652
"A coordinated emphasis on reducing infant mortality by reducing tobacco use and preterm birth, addressing poverty and disparities, and promoting breastfeeding would be much more effective than addressing SUID and SIDS in isolation."

Retrospective genetic analysis of 200 cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and its relationship with long QT syndrome in Korea. Son MJ, Kim MK, Yang KM, Choi BH, Lee BW, Yoo SH. J Korean Med Sci. 2018; 33 (32): e200. doi:10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e200
"This genetic investigation of LQTS in SIDS showed a low diagnostic yield. These findings suggest that LQTS molecular autopsy could be cautiously conducted in selected cases with family involvement to improve the available genetic counseling information. Meanwhile, a national SIDS registry should be established to document and evaluate the genetic risk of SIDS in Korea."

Eleventh safe sleeping survey in the Netherlands: parents' habits concerning infant sleep position and location [Dutch]. Konijnendijk AAJ, Engelberts AC, L'Hoir MP, Boere-Boonekamp MM. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018; 162. pii:D2366
Cross-sectional survey. "Parents do not automatically follow safe sleep recommendations for their child. Prevention may be improved by talking to parents about their reasons for not adhering to recommendations and determining together how to create a safe sleeping environment for the baby."

SIDS - sudden infant and early childhood death: the past, the present and the future. Duncan JR, Byard RW, editors. Adelaide (Australia): University of Adelaide Press; 2018. Book in PDF.
Textbook. "This volume covers aspects of sudden infant and early childhood death, ranging from issues with parental grief, to the most recent theories of brainstem neurotransmitters. It also deals with the changes that have occurred over time with the definitions of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome), SUDI (sudden unexpected death in infancy) and SUDIC (sudden unexpected death in childhood)."

The effects of sleeping position, maternal smoking and substance misuse on the ventilatory response to hypoxia in the newborn period. Rossor T, Ali K, Bhat R, Trenear R, Rafferty G, Greenough A. Pediatr Res. 2018; 84(3): 411-418. doi:10.1038/s41390-018-0090-0
Case-control study of 22 controls, 23 infants whose mothers smoked and 18 whose mothers misused substances and smoked. "The altered response to hypoxia in the prone position of infants whose mothers substance-misused and smoked in pregnancy may explain their increased vulnerability to SIDS."

Ethnic variation in unexplained deaths in infancy, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), England and Wales 2006-2012: national birth cohort study using routine data. Kroll ME, Quigley MA, Kurinczuk JJ, Dattani N, Li Y, Hollowell J. J Epidemiol Community Health 2018; 72 (10): 911-918. doi:10.1136/jech-2018-210453
"Crude rates per 1000 live singleton births were as follows: 0.1-0.2 for Indian, Bangladeshi, Pakistani, White Non-British, Black African; 0.4 for White British; 0.6-0.7 for Mixed Black-African-White, Mixed Black-Caribbean-White, Black Caribbean. […] Substantial ethnic disparity in risk of unexplained infant death exists in England and Wales. Apparently not attributable to preterm birth or area deprivation, this may reflect cultural differences in infant care. Further research into infant-care practices in low-risk ethnic groups might enable more effective prevention of such deaths in the general population."

Caring about preemies' safe sleep (CaPSS): an educational program to improve adherence to safe sleep recommendations by mothers of preterm infants. Dowling DA, Barsman SG, Forsythe P, Damato EG. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 2018; 32 (4): 366-372. doi:10.1097/JPN.0000000000000345
Pilot of an online education module for improving safe sleep for premature babies.

Evaluation of nursing school educators' knowledge and attitudes regarding infant sleep safety. Cirelli J, Clymer B, Burgess A, Aguilar J, Bell T, Goodstein M. Nurs Educ Perspect 2018; 39 (4): E7-E13. doi:10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000334
Cross-sectional survey. "Of 396 educators surveyed, 70 percent identified all sudden infant death syndrome risk factors. Correct responses for individual safe sleep recommendations ranged from 99 percent for correct room temperature to 53 percent for pacifier use; 9 percent said it was safest for infants to sleep in a position other than on the back."

The potential role of substance P in brainstem homeostatic control in the pathogenesis of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Bright FM, Vink R, Byard RW. Neuropeptides 2018; 70: 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.npep.2018.02.006
"This review focuses on the pathways within the medulla involving SP and its tachykinin NK1 receptor, their potential relationship with the medullary 5-HT system, and possible involvement in the pathogenesis of SIDS."

Smoking in pregnancy is a key factor for sudden infant death among Māori. MacFarlane M, Thompson JMD, Zuccollo J, McDonald G, Elder D, Stewart AW, Lawton B, Percival T, Baker N, Schlaud M, Fleming P, Taylor B, Mitchell EA. Acta Paediatr 2018; 107 (11): 1924-1931. doi:10.1111/apa.14431
New Zealand case-control study. "The association between known SUDI risk factors, including bed sharing and/or smoking in pregnancy and SUDI risk, is the same regardless of ethnicity. Māori infants are exposed more frequently to both behaviours because of the higher Māori smoking rate."

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: knowledge and practise in parents of preterm infants. Rohana J, Ishak S, Wan Nurulhuda WMZ. Pediatr Int 2018; 60 (8): 710-713. doi:10.1111/ped.13605
Survey in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. "Knowledge on SIDS risk reduction measures was generally poor among parents of preterm infants in this study. Cigarette smoking, bed sharing and non-supine sleep positions, which are associated with increased risk of SIDS, were common practise among the present subjects."

Neuropathological developments in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Bright FM, Vink R, Byard RW. Pediatr Dev Pathol 2018; 21 (6): 515-521. doi:10.1177/1093526618776439
"The following overview examines recent research developments looking particularly at the potential role of the peptide neurotransmitter substance P and its neurokinin-1 receptor in multiple nuclei within the brainstem, asymmetry and microdysgenesis of the hippocampus, and decreased orexin levels within dorsomedial, perifornical, and lateral levels in the hypothalamus."

The grief of mothers after the sudden unexpected death of their infants. Goldstein RD, Lederman RI, Lichtenthal WG, Morris SE, Human M, Elliott AJ, Tobacco D, Angal J, Odendaal H, Kinney HC, Prigerson HG; PASS Network. Pediatrics 2018; 141 (5). pii:e20173651. doi:10.1542/peds.2017-3651
"Severe symptoms and heightened risk for PGD (prolonged grief disorder) was seen in mothers after their infants died of SIDS, with discernible symptom profiles. Given their involvement with families after SIDS, pediatricians may have a unique role in identifying this problem and helping address its consequences."

Neuronal noise as an origin of sleep arousals and its role in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Dvir H, Elbaz I, Havlin S, Appelbaum L, Ivanov PC, Bartsch RP. Sci Adv 2018; 4 (4): eaar6277. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aar6277
Interesting zebrafish experiment. "Our findings indicate a previously unrecognized neurophysiological mechanism that links sleep arousals with temperature regulation, and may explain the origin of the clinically observed higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome with increased ambient temperature."

Is ambient air pollution associated with onset of sudden infant death syndrome: a case-crossover study in the UK. Litchfield IJ, Ayres JG, Jaakkola JJK, Mohammed NI. BMJ Open 2018; 8 (4): e018341. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018341
"The results indicated ambient air pollutants, particularly PM10 and NO2, may show an association with increased SIDS mortality."

The impact of health messages on maternal decisions about infant sleep position: a randomized controlled trial. Carlin RF, Abrams A, Mathews A, Joyner BL, Oden R, McCarter R, Moon RY. J Community Health 2018; 43 (5): 977-985. doi:10.1007/s10900-018-0514-0
"Over the first 6 months, the proportion of African-American infants placed supine gradually decreased and was unchanged by enhanced education about SIDS, suffocation risk and sleep safety. While initially high self-efficacy against SIDS and suffocation correlated with supine positioning, by 5-6 months self-efficacy did not correspond to sleep position in either group."

Characteristics of infant deaths during sleep while under nonparental supervision. Lagon E, Moon RY, Colvin JD. J Pediatr. 2018; 197: 57-62. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.01.051
"Infants who died of sleep-related causes under nonparental supervision were more likely to have been placed nonsupine. Among nonparental supervisors, relatives and friends were more likely to use unsafe sleep environments, such as locations other than a crib or bassinet and bed sharing. Pediatricians should educate parents that all caregivers must always follow safe sleep practices."

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: a global public health issue and nursing's response. Pretorius K, Rew L. Compr Child Adolesc Nurs 2018; 4: 1-10. doi:10.1080/24694193.2018.1451569
Commentary. "Motivated by nursing's ethical and moral obligations, the profession is called to take an active role in educating others regarding this phenomenon, to participate in research, and to develop or advocate for policy that aims to reduce the incidence of SIDS on an international scale."

Analysis of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome coverage in Canadian newspapers. Ahmed S, Mitchell I, Wolbring G. J Child Health Care 2018:1367493518763983. doi:10.1177/1367493518763983
"Blame and misdiagnosis were two dominant themes in the coverage of SIDS with many other aspects around SIDS missing; for example, indigenous people, who are at higher risk for SIDS, were rarely mentioned. Our findings suggest problems in the content and frequency of coverage of SIDS that have the potential to shape the public understanding of SIDS."

Dysfunction of NaV1.4, a skeletal muscle voltage-gated sodium channel, in sudden infant death syndrome: a case-control study. Männikkö R, Wong L, Tester DJ, Thor MG, Sud R, Kullmann DM, Sweeney MG, Leu C, Sisodiya SM, FitzPatrick DR, Evans MJ, Jeffrey IJM, Tfelt-Hansen J, Cohen MC, Fleming PJ, Jaye A, Simpson MA, Ackerman MJ, Hanna MG, Behr ER, Matthews E. Lancet 2018; 391 (10129): 1483-1492. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30021-7
"These findings indicate that dysfunction of muscle sodium channels is a potentially modifiable risk factor in a subset of infant sudden deaths."

Multiple genetic variations in sodium channel subunits in a case of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Denti F, Bentzen BH, Wojciak J, Thomsen NM, Scheinman M, Schmitt N. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2018; 41 (6): 620-626. doi:10.1111/pace.13328
"Genetic variation of both sodium channel and its modifiers may contribute to sudden unexplained death in childhood."

Causes of death and infant mortality rates among full-term births in the United States between 2010 and 2012: an observational study. Bairoliya N, Fink G. PLoS Med 2018; 15 (3): e1002531. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002531
"Given the high mortality burden due to SIDS and suffocation, policy efforts to promote compliance with recommended sleeping arrangements could be an effective first step in this direction."

Cardiac genetic predisposition in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Tester DJ, Wong LCH, Chanana P, Jaye A, Evans JM, FitzPatrick DR, Evans MJ, Fleming P, Jeffrey I, Cohen MC, Tfelt-Hansen J, Simpson MA, Behr ER, Ackerman MJ. J Am Coll Cardiol 2018; 71 (11): 1217-1227. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2018.01.030
"Less than 15% of more than 400 SIDS cases had a "potentially informative" variant in a GHD-susceptibility gene, predominantly in the 4- to 12-month age group. Only 4.3% of cases possessed immediately clinically actionable variants. Consistent with previous studies, ultra-rare, nonsynonymous variants within the major cardiac channelopathy-associated genes were overrepresented in SIDS cases in infants of European ethnicity."

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: a review. Goldberg N, Rodriguez-Prado Y, Tillery R, Chua C. Pediatr Ann 2018; 47(3): e118-e123. doi:10.3928/19382359-20180221-03
"This review focuses on SIDS epidemiology, pathogenesis and risk factors, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations on safe infant sleeping environment, and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's multistate registry to improve knowledge on SIDS, evaluate trends, and analyze circumstances and events surrounding SIDS cases."

Certified nurse-midwives' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about infant safe sleep. Hodges NL, Anderson SE, McKenzie LB, Katz ML. J Midwifery Womens Health 2018; 63 (2): 196-204. doi:10.1111/jmwh.12706
"Many participants (61%) perceived that there were barriers to providing prenatal infant safe sleep education, but nearly all (94%) indicated that they were interested in providing this education to their patients."

Evaluation of a crib distribution and safe sleep educational program to reduce risk of sleep-related infant death. Salm Ward TC, McClellan MM, Miller TJ, Brown S. J Community Health 2018; 43 (5): 848-855. doi:10.1007/s10900-018-0493-1
A prospective, matched pre- and post-test cohort design of a portable crib distribution and safe sleep educational program. "Knowledge of recommendations regarding position, surface, environment, smoking, breastfeeding, and pacifier use increased significantly between pre- and post-test, with most participants maintaining knowledge at follow-up. The proportion of recommended practices also increased significantly. A group-based safe sleep educational program can be effective in reducing risky infant sleep practices."

Sudden infant death and sleep practices in the black community. Stiffler D, Ayres B, Fauvergue C, Cullen D. J Spec Pediatr Nurs 2018; 23 (2):e12213. doi:10.1111/jspn.12213
Qualitative synthesis of literature to understand why Black families don’t follow SIDS advice. "Black mothers tend to believe that SUIDS/SIDS is a random occurrence and is not preventable, so they see a little reason to make their infant sleep in a cold, hard crib, when they could sleep in a warm, comfortable bed with them. Nurses should work with black mothers to understand their cultural beliefs while educating them about safe sleep practices."

Implementing a statewide safe to sleep hospital initiative: lessons learned. Miller TJ, Salm Ward TC, McClellan MM, Dawson L, Ford K, Polatty L, Walcott RL, Corso PS. J Community Health 2018; 43 (4): 768-774. doi:10.1007/s10900-018-0483-3
"Important lessons include: (1) Engagement is vital to success; (2) A comprehensive implementation guide is critical; (3) Piloting the program provides opportunities for refinement; (4) Ongoing support addresses barriers; and (5) Senior leadership facilitates success."

Exploring lactation consultant views on infant safe sleep. Hodges NL, McKenzie LB, Anderson SE, Katz ML. Matern Child Health J 2018; 22 (8): 1111-1117. doi:10.1007/s10995-018-2495-0
Focus groups. "Major themes that emerged included: lactation consultants' beliefs regarding the importance of bedsharing for supporting breastfeeding success; their disagreement with the infant safe sleep recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics; their frustration with policies that restrict consultants' ability to discuss bedsharing; and the impact of infant safe sleep policies on their work and the advice they provide. Conclusions for Practice Lactation consultants interact with mothers of newborns at a critical time for infant safe sleep decision-making and may influence a woman's choices related to this topic. Women may not be receiving messages from lactation consultants that are consistent with the infant safe sleep recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics."

National and state trends in sudden unexpected infant death: 1990-2015. Erck Lambert AB, Parks SE, Shapiro-Mendoza CK. Pediatrics 2018; 141 (3). pii:e20173519. doi:10.1542/peds.2017-3519
"Reductions in SUID rates since 1999 have been minimal, and wide variations in state-specific rates remain. States with significant declines in SUID rates might have SUID risk-reduction programs that could serve as models for other states."

Barriers to and interventions that increase nurses' and parents' compliance with safe sleep recommendations for preterm infants. Naugler MR, DiCarlo K. Nurs Womens Health 2018; 22 (1): 24-39. doi:10.1016/j.nwh.2017.12.009
Integrative literature review. "We conclude that hospitals should have current, evidence-based safe sleep policies with clear transition guidelines for premature infants and that consistent and comprehensive nursing and parental education related to safe sleep should include current American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations and should address potential barriers to compliance."

Neuropathology of sudden infant death syndrome: review of the literature and proposal of a protocol for neuropathological examination [French]. Delteil C, Meyronet D, Maues de Paula A, Jouvet A, Piercecchi-Marti MD. Ann Pathol 2018; 38 (2): 103-109. doi:10.1016/j.annpat.2018.01.001
"This article aims to define a detailed sampling protocol based on foreign consensus and current data of science in order to assist pathologists and to promote a homogeneous data bank in France."

Sudden unexpected infant death: time for integrative national registries. Levieux K, Patural H, Harrewijn I, Briand Huchet E, Kugener B, Pidoux O, de Visme S, Adjaoud C, Gras Le Guen C, Hanf M; ANCReMIN. Arch Pediatr 2018; 25 (2): 75-76. doi:10.1016/j.arcped.2017.12.008
"The French referral centers are firmly convinced that this integrative approach concerning SUID should be generalized and applied to other countries. It has the potential to provide an effective response to this major public health issue by helping better appreciate the contributions to SUID of specific risk factors, precisely monitor SIDS and SUID trends, improve the management of SUID cases and their families, and develop fundamental research studies to effectively reduce infant deaths."

Medullary astrogliosis in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome varies with sleeping environment: evidence for different mechanisms of death in alone versus co-sleepers? Spinelli J, Byard RW, Van Den Heuvel C, Collins-Praino LE. J Child Neurol 2018; 33 (4): 269-274. doi:10.1177/0883073817750498
"The amount of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) staining in alone sleepers was significantly higher than shared sleepers in 3 specific areas of the medulla, the inferior vestibular nucleus, the medial vestibular nucleus and the cochlear nucleus."

The Pēpi-Pod study: overnight video, oximetry and thermal environment while using an in-bed sleep device for sudden unexpected death in infancy prevention. Tipene-Leach D, Baddock SA, Williams SM, Tangiora A, Jones R, McElnay C, Taylor BJ. J Paediatr Child Health 2018; 54 (6): 638-646. doi:10.1111/jpc.13845
"Overall, we found that most differences in infant risk behaviours in a Pēpi-Pod compared to a bassinet were small, with confidence intervals excluding meaningful differences. We noted poorer maternal sleep quality at 1 month. Higher infant heart rates in the Pēpi-Pod group may be related to higher room temperatures. The Pēpi-Pod appears physiologically safe but is associated with lower reported maternal sleep quality."

Bed-sharing in the first 8 weeks of life: an Australian study. Cunningham HM, Vally H, Bugeja L. Matern Child Health J 2018; 22 (4): 556-564. doi:10.1007/s10995-017-2424-7
"Noted gaps in how families are implementing current recommendations about reducing the risk of SUDI were identified for sleep position, sleep location and the sleep environment. Further consideration needs to be given to addressing these gaps and applying these findings of current bed-sharing practices to the development of infant safe sleeping policy and programs."

Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Horne RSC. Clin Auton Res 2018; 28 (6): 535-543. doi:10.1007/s10286-017-0490-y
"This review discusses the association between the three components of the triple risk hypothesis and major risk factors for SIDS, such as prone sleeping, maternal smoking, together with three "protective" factors, and cardiovascular control during sleep in infants, and discusses their potential involvement in SIDS."

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and vaccines: longitudinal population analyses. Yang YT, Shaw J. Vaccine 2018; 36 (5): 595-598. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.12.065
"We found that state-level childhood vaccine uptake for age appropriate vaccines was neither associated with the decline in the incidence of SIDS nor rise in the prevalence of ADHD. Our findings provide current and evidence-based information to assist providers counseling vaccine-hesitant parents."

Is it time for a Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) awareness campaign? Community stakeholders' perceptions of SIDS. Gollenberg A, Fendley K. Child Care Pract 2018; 24 (1): 53-64. doi:10.1080/13575279.2016.1259155
USA: Virgina. "Community leaders perceive that high-risk community members are not fully aware of risk factors that can lead to SIDS. Maternal/child health stakeholders in these Virginia locales suggested more community-based education as a potential solution to SIDS."

Why is a prone sleeping position dangerous for certain infants? Byard RW, Bright F, Vink R. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018; 14 (1): 114-116. doi:10.1007/s12024-017-9941-y
"Recent studies have, however, shown a significant reduction in substance P in the inferior portion of the olivo-cerebellar complex in SIDS infants which is crucial for the integration of motor and sensory information for the control of head and neck movement. This deficit may explain why some infants are not able to move their faces away from potentially dangerous sleeping environments."

Cot death: history of an iatrogenic disaster. Obladen M. Neonatology 2018; 113 (2): 162-169. doi:10.1159/000481880
"Cot death disappeared almost entirely wherever prone sleeping was avoided. This strongly supports the assumption that prone sleeping has the greatest influence on the disorder, and that the epidemic resulted from wrong advice."

Risky behaviors of mothers with infants on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Turkey. Erdoğan Ç, Turan T. J Pediatr Nurs 2018; 38: e2-e6. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2017.11.017
"A total of 77.9% of the mothers put their babies in bed in a non-supine position; 65.8% used a pillow when they put their babies in bed, 52.9% used a soft mattress, and 28.5% shared their beds with their babies. Prone sleeping was more likely to occur when smoke was present in the home or a pillow was used."

A statewide hospital-based safe infant sleep initiative: measurement of parental knowledge and behavior. Walcott RL, Salm Ward TC, Ingels JB, Llewellyn NA, Miller TJ, Corso PS. J Community Health 2018; 43 (3): 534-542. doi:10.1007/s10900-017-0449-x
"Implementation of a statewide hospital initiative was associated with high levels of parental knowledge and behavior and may have been successful in reducing the practice of bed sharing among Medicaid parents."

The prone sleeping position and SIDS. Historical aspects and possible pathomechanisms. Sperhake J, Jorch G, Bajanowski T. Int J Legal Med 2018; 132 (1): 181-185. doi:10.1007/s00414-017-1749-5
"Such mechanisms could be occlusion of airways (in particularly associated with face-down position), elevated diaphragm, positional cerebral hypoxia caused by constriction of arteries, rebreathing CO2, and overheating.Irrespective of the specific pathomechanism leading to death in individual cases, it has been established that the prone position is the most important risk factor for SIDS and therefore should be incorporated in the definition of the term SIDS."

Qualitative analysis of infant safe sleep public campaign messaging. Peacock NR, Altfeld S, Rosenthal AL, Garland CE, Massino JM, Smith SL, Rowe HL, Wagener SE. Health Promot Pract 2018; 19 (2): 203-212. doi:10.1177/1524839917690339
"Campaigns frequently targeted priority populations such as African Americans. Fear appeals were used in three quarters of the campaigns, and 60% of the fear-based campaigns used guilt/blame messaging. We did not find published evaluation data for any of the campaigns. More attention is needed in public education campaigns to the full range of AAP recommendations, and evaluations are needed to determine the impact of these interventions on knowledge, behavior, and health outcomes."

Trends and factors associated with breastfeeding and infant sleep oractices in Georgia. Salm Ward TC, Kanu FA, Anderson AK. J Community Health 2018; 43 (3): 496-507. doi:10.1007/s10900-017-0442-4
"Our results suggest the need for targeted education and support for breastfeeding and safe sleep practices."

Infant safe sleep: a survey of the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of obstetric physicians. Hodges NL, Anderson SE, McKenzie LB, Katz ML. J Community Health 2018; 43 (3): 488-495. doi:10.1007/s10900-017-0441-5
"Obstetric physicians can influence the infant safe sleep decisions that women make. Improving obstetricians' knowledge and attitudes about infant safe sleep and supporting physicians who wish to provide education on this topic may help to ensure that women are receiving frequent and consistent infant safe sleep messaging throughout the prenatal period."

Prone sleeping position in infancy: implications for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular function. Shepherd KL, Yiallourou SR, Horne RSC, Wong FY. Sleep Med Rev 2018; 39: 174-186. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2017.10.001
"This review examines the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular effects of prone sleeping in infants born at term, those born preterm after term equivalent age and whilst hospitalized."

Evaluation of a sudden unexpected death in infancy intervention programme aimed at improving parental awareness of risk factors and protective infant care practices. McIntosh C, Trenholme A, Stewart J, Vogel A. J Paediatr Child Health 2018; 54 (4): 377-382. doi:10.1111/jpc.13772
Pepi-Pod vs Usual Care trial. "Bed-sharing and knowledge improvement were similar irrespective of group. It is likely that the impact of the intervention was reduced because the control group received better support than 'usual care' and all participants had a baby bed. New Zealand SUDI rates have declined since sleep space programmes have been available. Sleep space programmes should be prioritised for those with modifiable SUDI risk."

Babies in boxes and the missing links on safe sleep: human evolution and cultural revolution. Bartick M, Tomori C, Ball HL. Matern Child Nutr 2018; 14 (2): e12544. doi:10.1111/mcn.12544
"Distribution of baby boxes may divert resources and attention away from addressing these other risk factors and lead to a false sense of security wherein we overlook that sudden unexplained infant deaths also occur in solitary sleep environments."

Stock photographs do not comply with infant safe sleep guidelines. Goodstein MH, Lagon E, Bell T, Joyner BL, Moon RY. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2018; 57 (4): 403-409. doi:10.1177/0009922817728698
"Images depicting sleeping infants on stock photography sites do not routinely adhere to AAP recommendations. Media messages inconsistent with health care messages create confusion and misinformation about infant sleep safety and may lead inadvertently to unsafe practices."

Mothers' knowledge and attitudes to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome risk reduction messages: results from a UK survey. Pease AS, Blair PS, Ingram J, Fleming PJ. Arch Dis Child 2018; 103 (1): 33-38. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2017-312927
"Mothers in the higher risk group were disadvantaged when it came to some aspects of knowledge of SIDS risk reduction and attitudes to safer sleep. The initial 'Back-to Sleep' message that dramatically reduced these deaths a generation ago needs more effective promotion for today's generation of mothers."

What do pediatricians tell parents about bed-sharing? Schaeffer P, Asnes AG. Matern Child Health J 2018; 22(1): 51-58. doi:10.1007/s10995-017-2353-5
Qualitative study of 24 primary care paediatricians in the USA. "Some strongly and routinely advise against bed-sharing and identify bed-sharing as a clear risk to infants. Others believe bed-sharing to be both safe and useful. A third group allow the content of anticipatory guidance to be driven by parental concerns."


Wahakura versus bassinet for safe infant sleep: a randomized trial. Baddock SA, Tipene-Leach D, Williams SM, Tangiora A, Jones R, Iosua E, Macleod EC, Taylor BJ. Pediatrics 2017; 139 (2). doi:10.1542/peds.2016-0162

Medullary serotonin neuron abnormalities in an Australian cohort of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Bright FM, Byard RW, Vink R, Paterson DS. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2017; 76 (10): 864-873. doi:10.1093/jnen/nlx071

Why is a prone sleeping position dangerous for certain infants? Byard RW, Bright F, Vink R. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2017. doi:10.1007/s12024-017-9941-y

Fetal-growth-restricted preterm infants display compromised autonomic cardiovascular control on the first postnatal day but not during infancy. Cohen E, Wong FY, Wallace EM, Mockler JC, Odoi A, Hollis S, Horne RSC, Yiallourou SR. Pediatr Res 2017; 82 (3): 474-482. doi:10.1038/pr.2017.105

Infection: the neglected paradigm in SIDS research. Goldwater PN. Arch Dis Child 2017; 102: 767-772. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2016-312327

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, infection, prone sleep position, and vagal neuroimmunology. Goldwater PN. Front Pediatr 2017; 5: 223. doi:10.3389/fped.2017.00223

Research priorities in sudden unexpected infant death: an international consensus. Hauck FR, McEntire BL, Raven LK, Bates FL, Lyus LA, Willett AM, Blair PS. Pediatrics 2017; 140 (2): e20163514. doi:10.1542/peds.2016-3514

The longitudinal effects of persistent apnea on cerebral oxygenation in infants born preterm. Horne RS, Fung AC, NcNeil S, Fyfe KL, Odoi A, Wong FY. J Pediatr 2017; 182: 79-84. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.11.081

Epidemiology of sudden unexpected death in infancy: evidence from the London metropolitan police project Indigo Investigation. Mage DT, Donner EM. J Paediatr Neonat Dis 2017; 2 (1): 101. Paper

Sleep: A window into autonomic control in children born preterm and growth restricted. Yiallourou SR, Wallace EM, Whatley C, Odoi A, Hollis S, Weichard AJ, Muthusamy JS, Varma S, Cameron J, Narayan O, Horne RSC. Sleep 2017; 40 (5). doi:10.1093/sleep/zsx048


Horne RS, Fyfe KL, Odoi A, Athukoralage A, Yiallourou SR, Wong FY. Dummy/ pacifier use in preterm infants increases blood pressure and improves heart rate control. Pediatr Res 2016; 79 (2): 325-332. doi:10.1038/pr.2015.212

Mage DT. A chemical engineer looks at SIDS. Editorial. Scand J For Sci 2016; 22 (1): II-III. [PDF available here to logged-in members]

Mage DT, Latorre ML, Jenik AG, Donner EM. The role of respiratory infection in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Scand J For Sci 2016; 22 (1): 15-20. doi:10.1515/sjfs-2016-0004

Mathews A, Joyner BL, Oden RP, He J, McCarter R, Moon RY. Messaging affects the behavior of african american parents with regards to soft bedding in the infant sleep environment: a randomized controlled trial. J Pediatr 2016; 175: 79-85. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.05.004

Pease AS, Fleming PJ, Hauck FR, Moon RY, Horne RSC, PhD, L'Hoir MP, Ponsonby AL, Blair PS. Swaddling and the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: a meta- analysis. Pediatrics 2016; 137 (6): e20153275. doi:10.1542/peds.2015-3275


Andrisani G, Andrisani G. The mesencephalic nucleus of the trigeminal nerve and the SIDS. Medical Hypotheses 2015; 84 (1): 8-10. doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2014.11.005

Blair PS. Co-sleeping and suffocation. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2015; 11 (2): 281-282. doi:10.1007/s12024-015-9658-8

Fleming PJ, Blair PS. Making informed choices on co-sleeping with your baby. BMJ 2015; 350: h563. doi:10.1136/bmj.h563

Fleming PJ, Blair PS, Pease A. Sudden unexpected death in infancy: aetiology, pathophysiology, epidemiology and prevention in 2015. Arch Dis Child 2015; 100 (10): 984-988. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-306424

Fleming P, Pease A, Blair P. Bed-sharing and unexpected infant deaths: what is the relationship? Paediatr Respir Rev 2015; 16 (1): 62-67. doi:10.1016/j.prrv.2014.10.008

Goldwater PN. Gut microbiota and immunity: possible role in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Front Immunol 2015; 6: 269. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2015.00269

Horne RS, Hauck FR, Moon RY. Sudden infant death syndrome and advice for safe sleeping. Review. BMJ 2015; 350: h1989. doi:10.1136/bmj.h1989

Hunt CE, Darnall RA, McEntire BL, Hyma BA. Assigning cause for sudden unexpected infant death. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2015; 11 (2): 283-288. doi:10.1007/s12024-014-9650-8

Mage DT, Donner EM. An explanation of the 25% male excess mortality for all children under 5. Scand J Forens Sci 2015; 21 (2): 99-102. doi:10.1515/sjfs-2015-0001

Waite AJ, Coombs RC, McKenzie A, Daman-Willems Ch, Cohen MC, Campbell MJ, Carpenter RG. Mortality of babies enrolled on a community-based support programme: CONI PLUS (Care of Next Infant Plus). Arch Dis Child 2015; 100: 637-642. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-307232


Blair PS, Sidebotham P, Pease A, Fleming PJ. Bed-sharing in the absence of hazardous circumstances: is there a risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome? An analysis from two case-control studies conducted in the UK. PlosONE 2014; 9 (9): e107799. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0107799

Highet AR, Berry AM, Bettelheim KA, Goldwater PN. Gut microbiome in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) differs from that in healthy comparison babies and offers an explanation for the risk factor of prone position. Int J Microbiol 2014; 304: in press. doi:10.1016/j.ijmm.2014.05.007 

Mage DT. The consistent ~50% excess male infant mortality rate from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other respiratory diseases is evidence of an X-linkage. J Mol Genet Med 2014; 8: 123. doi:10.4172/1747-0862.1000123 

Rechtman LR, Colvin JD, Blair PS, Moon RY. Sofas and infant mortality. Pediatrics 2014; 134 (5): e1293-300. doi:10.1542/peds.2014-1543

Rhein LM, Dobson NR, Darnall RA, Corwin MJ, Heeren TC, Poets CF, McEntire BL, Hunt CE, and The Caffeine Pilot Study Group. Effects of caffeine on intermittent hypoxia in infants born prematurely: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatrics 2014; 168 (3): 250-257. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.4371

Scheimberg I, Ashal H, Kotiloglu-Karaa E, French P, Kay P, Cohen MC. Weight charts of infants dying of sudden infant death in England. Pediatr Dev Pathol 2014; 17 (4): 271-7. doi:10.2350/13-08-1362-OA.1


Carpenter R, McGarvey C, Mitchell EA, Tappin DM, Vennemann MM, Smuk M, Carpenter JR. Bed sharing when parents do not smoke: is there a risk of SIDS? An individual level analysis of five major case-control studies. BMJ Open 2013; 3: e002299. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002299 [Responses]

Cohen MC, Offiah A, Sprigg A, Al-Adnani M. Vitamin D deficiency and sudden unexpected death in infancy and childhood: a cohort study. Pediatr Dev Pathol 2013; 16 (4): 292-300. doi:10.2350/13-01-1293-OA.1

Gilbert NL, Auger N, Wilkins R, Kramer MS. Neighbourhood income and neonatal, postneonatal and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) mortality in Canada, 1991-2005. Can J Public Health 2013; 104: e187-e192. Abstract

Goldwater PN, Bettelheim KA. SIDS risk factors: time for new interpretations. The role of bacteria. Pediatr Res Int J 2013; Vol 2013: Article ID 867520. doi:10.5171/2013.867520


Bettelheim KA, Luke RKJ, Johnston N, Pearce JL, Goldwater PN. A possible murine model for investigation of pathogenesis of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Curr Microbiol 2012; 64 (3): 276-278. doi:10.1007/s00284-011-0065-4

Gilbert NL, Fell DB, Joseph KS, Liu S, León JA, Sauve R. Temporal trends in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Canada from 1991 to 2005: contribution of changes in cause of death assignment practices and in maternal and infant characteristics. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2012; 26 (2): 124-130. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3016.2011.01248.x

Jenik A, Fustiñana C, Marquez M, Mage D, Fernandez G, Mariani G. A new bottle design decreases hypoxemic episodes during feeding in preterm infants. Int J Pediatr 2012; 2012: 531608. doi:10.1155/2012/531608

Kuhnert R, Schlaud M, Poethko-Müller C, Vennemann M, Fleming P, Blair PS, Mitchell E, Thompson J, Hecker H. Reanalyses of case-control studies examining the temporal association between sudden infant death syndrome and vaccination. Vaccine 2012; 30 (13): 2349-56. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.01.043

Mage DT, E. Donner M, Vennemann M, Fleming P, Sol-Church K, Drake R, Gulino SP. All sudden unexplained infant respiratory deaths may result from the same underlying mechanism. Scand J Foren Sci 2012; 18 (1): 2-10. doi:10.2478/v10278-012-0001-6

Mage DT, Donner EM. Re: "SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Expansion of Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment". eLetter to Pediatrics. Published July 16, 2012.

Mage DT. Comment on: A commentary on changing infant death rates and a plea to use sudden infant death syndrome [SIDS] as a cause of death. Letter. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2012. doi:10.1007/s12024-012-9354-x

Mage DT. An anomaly in U.S. SIDS data reported in the CDC mortality database. Letter. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2012.

Mage DT. Do infants die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) with Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) or from LQTS? Letter. Pediatr Cardiol 2012. doi:10.1007/s00246-012-0460-z

McGarvey CM, O'Regan M, Cryan J, Treacy A, Hamilton K, Devaney D, Matthews T. Sudden unexplained death in childhood (1–4 years) in Ireland: an epidemiological profile and comparison with SIDS. Arch Dis Child 2012; 97. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2011-301393

Mitchell EA, Blair PS. SIDS prevention: 3000 lives saved but we can do better. New Z Med J 2012; 125: 50-57. Article

Moon RY, Fu L. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: an update. Pediatr Rev 2012; 33 (6): 314-320. doi:10.1542/pir.33-7-314

Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Camperlengo LT, Kim SY, Covington T. The sudden unexpected infant death case registry: a method to improve surveillance. Pediatrics 2012; 129: 1-8. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-0854

Vennemann MM, Hense HW, Bajanowski T, Blair PS, Complojer C, Moon RY, Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U. Bed sharing and the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: can we resolve the debate? J Pediatr 2012; 160 (1): 44-8.e2. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2011.06.052

Vennemann MM, Loddenkötter B, Fracasso T, Mitchell EA, Debertin AS, Larsch KP, Sperhake JP, Brinkmann B, Sauerland C, Lindemann M, Bajanowski T. Cytokines and sudden infant death. Int J Legal Med 2012; 126 (2): 279-84. doi:10.1007/s00414-011-0638-6

Witcombe NB, Yiallourou SR, Sands SA, Walker AM, Horne RSC. Preterm birth alters the maturation of baroreflex sensitivity in sleeping infants. Pediatrics 2012; 129 (1): e89-96. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-1504

Yiallourou S, Sands S, Walker AM, Horne RSC. Maturation of Heart Rate and Blood Pressure Variability during Sleep in Term-Born Infants. Sleep 2012; 35 (2): 177-86. doi:10.5665/sleep.1616

Young J, Watson K, Ellis L, Raven L. Responding to evidence: Breastfeed baby if you can - the sixth public health recommendation to reduce the risk of sudden and unexpected death in infancy. Breastfeeding Review 2012; 20 (1): 7-15. Abstract


Blair PS, Byard RW, Fleming PJ. Sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI): suggested classification and applications to facilitate research activity. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2011. doi:10.1007/s12024-011-9294-x

Carlberg MM, Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Goodman M. Maternal and infant characteristics associated with accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed in US infants. Matern Child Health J 2011. doi:10.1007/s10995-011-0855-0

Finlay CJ, Krueger G. A space for mothers: grief as identity construction on memorial websites created by SIDS parents. Omega 2011; 63 (1): 21-44. doi:10.2190/OM.63.1.b

Fracasso T, Vennemann M, Klocker M, Bajanowski T, Brinkmann B, Pfeiffer H, et al. Petechial bleedings in sudden infant death. Int J Legal Med 2011; 125 (2): 205-10. doi:10.1007/s00414-010-0421-0

Goldwater PN. A perspective on SIDS pathogenesis. The hypotheses: plausibility and evidence. BMC Medicine 2011; 9: 64. doi:10.1186/1741-7015-9-64

Hauck FR, Tanabe KO, Moon RY. Racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality. Semin Perinatol 2011; 35 (4): 209-20. doi:10.1053/j.semperi.2011.02.018

Hauck FR, Thompson JMD, Tanabe KO, Moon RY, Vennemann MM. Breastfeeding and reduced risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics 2011, published ahead of print. doi:10.1542/peds.2010-3000

Kaltman JR, Thompson PD, Lantos J, Berul CI, Botkin J, Cohen JT, Cook NR, Corrado D, Drezner J, Frick KD, Goldman S, Hlatky M, Kannankeril PJ, Leslie L, Priori S, Saul JP, Shapiro-Mendoza CK, David Siscovick, Vetter VL, Boineau R, Burns KM, Friedman RA. Screening for sudden cardiac death in the young: report from a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute working group. Circulation 2011; 123; 1911-1918. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.017228

Kim SY, Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Chu SY, Camperlengo LT, Anderson RN. Differentiating cause-of-death terminology for deaths coded as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, accidental suffocation, and unknown cause: an investigation using US death certificates, 2003-2004. J Forensic Sci 2011. doi:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01937.x

Kuhnert R, Hecker H, Poethko-Müller C, Schlaud M, Vennemann M, Whitakerd HJ, Farringtond CP. A modified self-controlled case series method to examine association between multi-dose vaccinations and death. Statist Med 2011; 30: 666-677. doi:10.1002/sim.4120

Mage DT, Donner EM. The universal age distribution of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Scand J Foren Sci 2011; 17 (1): 7-11.

Mitchell EA, Freemantle J, Young J, Byard RW. Scientific consensus forum to review the evidence underpinning the recommendations of the Australian SIDS and Kids Safe Sleeping Health Promotion Programme – October 2010. J Paediatr Child Health 2011. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1754.2011.02215.x

Moon RY, Darnall RA, Goodstein MH, Hauck FR, Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Willinger M. American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Policy statement. SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths: Expansion of recommendations for a safe infant sleeping environment. Pediatrics 2011; 128 (5): 1030-9. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-2284

Moon RY, Darnall RA, Goodstein MH, Hauck FR, Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Willinger M, American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Technical report. SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths: Expansion of recommendations for a safe infant sleeping environment. Pediatrics 2011; 128; (5): e1341-67. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-2285

Moon RY, Yang DC, Tanabe KO, Young HA, Hauck FR. Pacifier use and SIDS: Evidence for a consistently reduced risk. Matern Child Hlth J 20 April 2011; Epub ahead of print. doi:10.1007/s10995-011-0793-x

Spong CY, Iams J, Goldenberg R, Hauck FR, Willinger M. Disparities in perinatal medicine: preterm birth, stillbirth and infant mortality. Obstet Gynecol 2011; 117 (4): 948-55. doi:10.1097/AOG.0b013e318211726f

Stacey T, Thompson JMD, Mitchell EA, Ekeroma AJ, Zuccollo JM, McCowan LME. Association between maternal sleep practices and risk of late stillbirth: a case-control study. BMJ 2011; 342: d3403. doi:10.1136/bmj.d3403

Wong FY, Witcombe NB, Yiallourou SR, Yorkston S, Dymowski AR, Krishnan L, Walker AM, Horne RSC. Cerebral oxygenation is depressed during sleep in healthy term infants when they sleep prone. Pediatrics 2011; 127 (3): e558-65. doi:10.1542/peds.2010-2724

Yiallourou S, Sands S, Walker AM, Horne RSC. Baroreflex sensitivity during sleep in infants: Impact of sleeping position and sleep state. Sleep 2011; 34 (6): 725-732. doi:10.5665/sleep.1036


Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy. Special issue of Current Pediatric Reviews 2010; 6 (1): 1-101. Content

Blair PS, Heron J, Fleming PJ. Relationship between bed sharing and breastfeeding: longitudinal, population-based analysis. Pediatrics 2010; 126 (5): e1119-26. doi:10.1542/peds.2010-1277

Camperlengo LT, Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Shin Y. Kim SY. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: diagnostic practices and investigative policies, 2004. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2010. doi:10.1097/PAF.0b013e3181fe33bd

Dietz PM, England LJ, Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Tong VT, Farr SL, Callaghan WM. Infant morbidity and mortality attributable to prenatal smoking in the US. Am J Prev Med 2010; 39 (1): 45-52. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2010.03.009

Duncan JR, Paterson DS, Hoffman JM, Mokler DJ, Borenstein NS, Belliveau RA, Krous HF, Haas EA, Stanley C, Nattie EE, Trachtenberg FL, Kinney HC. Brainstem serotonergic deficiency in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. JAMA 2010; 303 (5): 430-437. Abstract

Fracasso T, Karger B, Vennemann M, Bajanowski T, Golla-Schindler UM, Pfeiffer H. Amniotic fluid aspiration in cases of SIDS. Int J Legal Med 2010; 124 (2): 113-7. doi:10.1007/s00414-009-0384-1

Franco P, Kato I, Richardson HL, Yang JSC, Montemitro E, Horne RSC. Arousal from sleep mechanisms in infants. Sleep Med 2010; 11 (7): 603-614. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2009.12.014

Fu LY, Moon RY, Hauck FR. Bed sharing among black infants and sudden infant death syndrome: Interactions with other known risk factors. Acad Pediatr 2010; 10: 376-82. doi:10.1016/j.acap.2010.09.001

Hauck FR, Tanabe KO. International trends in sudden infant death syndrome and other sudden unexpected deaths in infancy: Need for better diagnostic standardization. Current Pediatr Rev 2010; 6 (1): 95-101.*

Horne RSC, Witcombe NB, Yiallourou SR, Richardson HL. Physiology during sleep in infants: implications for the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Curr Ped Rev 2010; 6 (1): 30-38.*

Hunt CE, Hauck FR. Gene and gene-environment risk factors in sudden infant death syndrome and sudden unexpected death in infancy. Current Pediatr Rev 2010; 6 (1): 56-62.*

Horne RSC, Witcombe NB, Yiallourou SR, Scaillet S, Thiriez G, Franco P. Cardiovascular control during sleep in infants: Implications for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Sleep Med 2010; 11 (7): 615-621. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2009.10.008

Livolsi A, Niederhoffer N, Dali-Youcef N, Rambaud C, Olexa C, Mokni W, Gies JP, Bousquet P. Cardiac muscarinic receptor overexpression in sudden infant death syndrome. PLoS ONE 2010; 5 (3): e9464. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009464

Poetsch M, Czerwinski M, Wingenfeld L, Vennemann M, Bajanowski T. A common FMO3 polymorphism may amplify the effect of nicotine exposure in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Int J Legal Med 2010; 124 (4): 301-6. doi:10.1007/s00414-010-0428-6

Poetsch M, Nottebaum BJ, Wingenfeld L, Frede S, Vennemann M, Bajanowski T. Impact of sodium/proton exchanger 3 gene variants on sudden infant death syndrome. J Pediatr 2010; 156 (1): 44-8. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.07.018

Richardson HL, Walker AM, Horne RSC. Influence of swaddling experience on spontaneous arousal patterns and autonomic control in sleeping infants. J Pediatrics 2010; 157 (1): 85-91. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.01.005

Richardson HL, Walker AM, Horne RSC. Sleeping like a baby – does gender influence infant arousability? Sleep 2010; 33 (8): 1055-60. Paper

Richardson HL, Walker AM, Horne RSC. Stimulus type does not affect infant arousal response patterns. J Sleep Research 2010; 19 (1): 111-115. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2009.00764.x

Schlaud M, Dreier M, Debertin AS, Jachau K, Heide S, Giebe B, Sperhake JP, Poets CF, Kleemann WJ. The German case-control scene investigation study on SIDS: epidemiological approach and main results. Int J Legal Med 2010; 124: 19-26. doi:10.1007/s00414-009-0317-z

Shapiro-Mendoza CK, Kim SY, Chu SY, Kahn E, Anderson RN. Using death certificates to characterize Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS): opportunities and limitations. J Pediatr 2010; 156: 38-43. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.07.017

Sidebotham P, Blair PS, Evason Coombe C, Edmond M, Heckstall-Smith E, Fleming P. Responding to Unexpected Infant Deaths: Experience in One English Region. Arch Dis Child 2010; 95 (4): 291-5. doi:10.1136/adc.2009.167619

Witcombe NB, Yiallourou SR, Walker AM, Horne RSC. Delayed blood pressure recovery after head-up tilting in preterm infants. J Sleep Research 2010; 19 (1): 93-102. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2009.00793.x

Yiallourou S, Sands S, Walker AM, Horne RSC. Postnatal development of baroreflex sensitivity in infancy. J Physiol 2010; 588 (12): 2193-2203. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2010.187070

*) This paper's manuscript is available here.

Before 2010

Mage DT, Donner M. A Unifying Theory for SIDS. Int J Pediatrics 2009; ID 368270. Abstract, Article

Blair PS, Sidebotham P, Evason-Coombe C, Edmonds M, Heckstall-Smith EMA, Fleming P. Hazardous cosleeping environments and risk factors amenable to change: case-control study of SIDS in south west England. BMJ 2009; 339: b3666. Abstract, Article

Blair PS, Mitchell EA, Heckstall-Smith EM, Fleming PJ. Head Covering - A major modifiable risk factor for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A systematic review. Arch Dis Child 2008; 93 (9): 778-783. Article

Hauck FR, Tanabe KO. International trends in sudden infant death syndrome: stabilization of rates requires further action. Pediatrics 2008; 122: 660-666. Article

Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U, Moon RY. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and child care centres (CCC). Acta Paediatrica 2008; 97: 844-845. Article

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Kahn A, European Society for the Study and Prevention of Infant Death. Recommended clinical evaluation of infants with an Apparent Life-Threatening Event (ALTE). Consensus document of the European Society for the Study and Prevention of Infant Death, 2003. Kahn, A. Eur J Pediatr 2004; 163 (2): 108-115. A few offprints are still available from the webmaster. Abstract

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